The Orthodontic headgear is a type of orthodontic appliance that is attached to the dental braces or to the palatal expander. It is used to correct severe bite problems in kids and adults. The headgear creates special force to move the teeth into a better position. Depending on the orthodontic problem of each patient, the amount of time needed to wear the headgear may vary and is determined by the orthodontist.
There are two common types of headgear:
“Facebow” type:it is a bow that fits into the braces of the back teeth. It has a strap that can go behind the neck or over the head. This strap provides the desired amount and direction of pressure.
“J Hook” type:it uses two different wires with loops on their end that are attached to the braces. It also has a strap that fits behind the neck to provide the necessary pressure.
In most of the cases a headgear needs to be worn approximately 8-12 hours per day for 9 to 18 months. Nevertheless, depending on the severity of the orthodontic problem, patients may need to wear the headgear for a longer period of time. Patients will experience some soreness when their headgear is installed as well as when chewing. This soreness may persist for the next few days until the teeth become adjusted to the pressure of the headgear. Therefore the key to pain relief is to wear the headgear constantly and not to remove it for longer periods of time
จัดฟัน recommend using the headgear as instructed for better and faster results. Patients have to be very careful while wearing the headgear. It should be removed whenever the patient will be running or playing sports. Patients should make sure to clean the headgear as instructed and be careful when removing it since it can hurt your eyes, cheeks or lips.
The orthodontic headgear has been used for hundreds of years, most often, in children who are still growing. Due to improvements in other orthodontic appliances, the headgear is used less often today than it once was. The headgear is sometimes uncomfortable and even painful.
Nevertheless, it is very effective when used in combination with other dental appliances such as braces. One of the main complaints about the headgear has to be with its appearance. Patients feel embarrassed wearing this appliance so they avoid using it as much as possible, especially in public. However patients have to be very consistent and remember that poor compliance will result in worse results and will increase the treatment time. Orthodontists recommend never to go a complete 24 hour period without wearing the headgear. Although it can be uncomfortable to wear the headgear while sleeping, patients should wear it at least 12 hours at home throughout the night.