Thesis of J.R.

Technology is the combination of any new techniques, ways, tools, and methods employed in the attainment of specific objectives, including scientific research, or in the manufacturing of physical products or services Xfinity store near me. In the broadest sense, technology is defined as the application of science to improve or make better available certain existing things or to create new things of a higher class, using different methods and systems. Technological change is the result of human effort, technology, and also the natural environment. It may be directed toward one single objective, to produce a new product, process, or system, or it may be implemented by various groups and individuals for the overall benefit of humanity.

Technological change is a complex phenomenon. Some positive effects, such as information and communication technologies, have the goal of increasing the quality and quantity of goods and services, increasing leisure time, enhancing economic performance, and providing people with new opportunities. On the other hand, some negative effects, including global warming and nuclear proliferation, have the object of changing the world for the worse, creating social turmoil and political instability, or depleting the Earth’s resources in an irreversible way. There are a number of technology-related issues that face us today, ranging from problems associated with climate change and sustainability to the problems of the digital technologies that are transforming our lives.

Technological change has been accompanied by negative impact too. One example is the impact of digital technologies on the ozone layer. This is a problem that has been identified and is being addressed by different international organizations such as the World Wildlife Fund, which has launched a project called “ULTRAM” that is designed to monitor and measure the levels of carbon dioxide released into the atmosphere by vehicles in North America. Another issue is the impact of iot on global warming. The controversy has been further highlighted by a report released by Oxford University, who has concluded that “technological change is altering the global nature of work”, resulting in a net loss of about 5 million jobs by 2021, primarily in the IT industry.

In terms of culture, two broad categories are relevant here. The first category is communication technology, which refers to the use of devices and networks for communication, including mobile phones, fax machines, and the likes. The second category is information technology, which refers to the deployment of software and hardware in a network that allow users to process the information that they obtain, as well as store and retrieve it as and when necessary. Schatzberg’s notion of the cultural approach highlights the fact that “technological change has been accompanied by changes in cultural practices that have both shaped and dictate the way people collect, use, and transmit information”. This analysis is extended by adding the case of the mobile phone, which has become an essential part of our daily life, especially for the young people. Mobile phones thus form the basis of the second category of technological change, which is referred to as the cultural change.

The analysis is further extended by identifying three different aspects of this change, which are namely the rise of new technophobia, the emergence of an analytical category of techno-savvy individuals, and the shift towards a more digitally driven society. These three aspects constitute the ‘new technophobia’ associated with the rise of the digital technology. The other two aspects are also discussed under the broader heading of ‘technoscience’ or the term ‘cybernetics’. While analyzing the rise of new technophobia, Schatzberg highlights the fact that “for some time at least, we seem to have lost sight of the distinction between technical and creative problem solving” in today’s society. Technological problems are more often addressed to technological solutions, as opposed to creating solutions through creativity.

The analysis concludes by suggesting that there is a need to develop a new analytical category of ‘non-technological subjects’ in order to counteract the increasing alienation of contemporary society from technological technologies. It should be noted that the work of the author is in line with the ideas of J.R. Plato who, in his Phaedrus, argued that technology tends to deform the idea of beauty. The work of J.R. Platon is therefore relevant in helping to understand the problems of contemporary society.

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